Learning styles mean the natural inclination and habitual patter of acquiring and processing the information in a given environment. There are three main cognitive learning styles: Visual, Auditory and Kinaesthetic. Each learning style can help you understand, how you learn more efficiently, effectively and what methods of learning best fits you. This will help to maximize your time spent in studying by incorporating different techniques to custom fit various subjects, concepts and learning objectives.

Visual Learner

Visual learners learn best by seeing. They like to read silently. They enjoy visual stimulation, color and vivid imagery. Relate most effectively to written information. They can remember faces but forget names. They notice visual effects in movies. They enjoy watching TV, movies etc. they like to study alone and quietly. They follow written instructions & directions. They have to think a while before understanding lecture. They are good at reading and spelling.

Learning and techniques

If you are a visual learner, use images, pictures, color and other visual media to help you learn. Incorporate much imagery into your visualizations.

  • Use color, layout, and spatial organization in your associations, and use many 'visual words' in your assertions. Examples include see, picture, perspective, visual, and map.
  • The visual journey or story technique helps you memorize content that isn't easy to 'see.' The visual story approach for memorizing procedures is a good example of this.
  • The swish technique for changing behaviors also works well for you, as it relies on visualization.

Auditory Learner

Auditory leaners learn best by listening, they like to read out loud and are not afraid to speak in class. They like oral reports and good at explaining things. They can remember names easily, follow spoken direction and enjoy music. They are good at grammar and foreign language. They can’t keep quiet for long periods and are good listener & speaker. Auditory learners are good at writing responses to lectures they’ve heard.

Learning and Techniques

  • If you are an aural learner, use sound, rhyme, and music in your learning. Focus on using aural content in your association and visualization.
  • Use the anchoring technique to recall various states that music invokes in you. If you have some particular music or song that makes you want to 'take on the world,' play it back and anchor your emotions and state. When you need the boost, you can easily recall the state without needing the music.

Kinesthetic Learner

Kinaesthetic learners learn best by doing. They like to read along with walking or moving. Respond while practically doing things rather than listening/reading. They are generally good at sports/outdoor activities. They can’t sit still for long. They are generally not good at spelling. They notice action & body while listening music. They tap a pencil/foot while studying. They like adventure books or movies. They like physics, chemistry, biology lab or a mechanical workshop.

Learning and Techniques

  • If you use a physical style, use touch, action, movement and hands-on work in your learning activities. For visualization, focus on the sensations you would expect in each scenario.
  • For example, if you are visualizing a tack (turn) on a sailboat, focus on physical sensations. Feel the pressure against your hand as you turn the rudder, and the tension lessening on the ropes.
  • Feel the wind change to the other side, feel the thud as the sail swaps with the wind, and feel the boat speed up as you start the new leg.
  • Keep in mind as well that writing and drawing diagrams are physical activities, so don't neglect these techniques.
  • Perhaps use big sheets of paper and large color markers for your diagrams. You then get more action from the drawing.
  • Use breathing and relaxation to focus your state while you learn and perform. Focus on staying calm, centered, relaxed and aware. If you want to gain more control over your physical state, look up some references on Autogenics. This was a secret behind the great Russian athletic performances over the past few decades.
  • Use role-playing, either singularly or with someone else, to practice skills and behaviors. Find ways to act out or simulate what you are learning.