Dermatoglyphics is the scientific study of fingerprints and can be traced back to 1892 when one of the most original biologists of his time Sir Francis Galton, a cousin of Charles Darwin, published his now classic work on fingerprints.

The study was later termed Dermatoglyphics by Dr. Harold Cummins, the father of American fingerprint analysis in 1926, even though the process of fingerprint identification had already been in use for several hundred years. The word Dermatoglyphics comes from two Greek words (derma-skin and glyphe-carve) and refers to the friction ridge formations which appear on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. The ridging formations serve well to enhance contact, an area of multiple nerve endings (Dermal Papillae) and aids in the prevention of slippage. All studies of the dermal ridge arrangements are classified under the term Dermatoglyphics. Unusual Dermatoglyphics patterns often relate to genetic disorders.

Study of the patterns of the epidermal ridges of finger, palm, and sole can serve as an aid to the diagnosis of many diseases particularly those caused by chromosomal aberrations which are frequently accompanied by distortion of patterns but also in other diseases both genetically and non-genetically determined.

Later in 1950a Canadian neurosurgeon, Professor Penfield published "Cross-sectionaldiagram of a brain in relation with various parts ofthebody "which indicates close relation between fingerprints and cerebrum. In 1981 Professor Roger W. Sperry and hisresearch partner wereawarded aNobel Prize inBiomedicinefor their study onfunctions ofrightand left cerebralhemispheres and doublebraintheory.

Former USSRwasusing Dermatoglyphics asa one of theme thod toselect candidates for Ol ympics Games since 19701. Asitturnedout, the USSR tookhome 50 gold medal sin 1972 and 125 in 1976.